What is My Body Type? What Exercises Are Recommended for My Body Type? (Part 1)

After many weeks and months of trying all sorts of diets and exercises recommended by famous people in social media – you are still not getting any results.

So what are you doing wrong? In this article, we will learn about the different body types to help you identify the right diet and exercise that is compatible with yours.

The History and Background of Different Body Types

Hippocrates first established the physique classification to know more about the human morphological measurement. Then the physique types that he established remained as a standard measure of the human form, and few advances were made until 1797, when Gall and Spurzheim developed a three-pole system that included the digestive, muscular, and cerebral type.

Then in 1909, Viola became the first anthropologist to present a comprehensive system for the external measurement of the body. By mid-twentieth century, Sheldon developed a somatotype rating system that was based on component variables instead of types, being influenced by the works of Viola and Kretschmer.

He created the terms: the endomorphic (roundness and softness), mesomorphic (squareness and hardness), and ectomorphic (linearity and fragility) components of a body build. The body evaluations are derived from measures of the head and neck, upper and lower trunks, and arm and leg body landmark regions.


The ectomorph tends to be long, lean, and angular. This body type is often tall, as the long bones (the femur), which give the legs their length, are well-developed. Ectomorphs have very little fat, which gives a lack of curves, or breast tissue. They are quite narrow in the hips and shoulders, and have small joints.

People who have this body type are good at processing carbohydrates into energy and their fast metabolism means that they burn off fat quickly. The disadvantage on having this body type is the lack of muscles so you need to keep cardio sessions to a minimum and focus on intense workouts using compound exercises to maximise growth hormone release.

Based on some scientific studies, lean bodies are more prone to type 2 diabetes. Based on the analysis of such diabetes patients, the researchers found that the beta cells, which store and release insulin, do not function properly in lean people predisposed to type 2 diabetes.

Because lean people also have adrenal weakness, they generally suffer from anxiety, depression, headaches, allergies, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), gastrointestinal problems like alternating constipation and diarrhea, skin problems, chronic fatigue, insomnia, prostate cancer in men, and fertility and menstrual problems in women.

Some famous celebrities who are considered to have this body type are Brad Pitt, Cameron Diaz, Kate Moss, Bradley Cooper, Audrey Hepburn, Keira Knightley, and many more.


The endomorph is almost the opposite of the ectomorph. This body type tends to be well-rounded, tending towards heaviness in build, with a high percentage of fat in relation to muscle bulk. Endomorphs easily put on weight, even though they may have a small appetite. Their general frame is solid and the limbs and neck tend to be short, with small hands and feet.

People with this body type are adept at storing energy with muscle and fat concentrated in the lower body. To have a more balanced physique, you should focus on enhancing your shoulders and removing away excess fat from your lower body.

Because of having a higher body-fat percentage, they have a high possibility of putting themselves at greater risk of developing diabetes, infertility, certain forms of cancer, gallbladder conditions, heart disease, hypertension, and depression.

But don’t worry because hormone imbalances and several conditions can be corrected with the appropriate nutrition, fitness, and lifestyle program. It is essential that you have to strive on your intense workout game, and be careful and watch your carbohydrate intake.

Madonna, Bruce Willis, Jennifer Hudson, Kelly Clarkson, and many others are some of the popular celebrities that have this body type.


The mesomorph is usually strong with an even distribution of weight, and is of an athletic build. There are well-developed shoulders, with a slim waist and hips, the muscles are well-defined and there is a low percentage of body fat. While active, this body type remains lean and strong with good muscle tone, but may develop more fat if the body does not exercise.

People with this body type have a higher percentage of fast-twitch fibers and they gain muscle mass more quickly than any other body type. This body type represents the genes showing off strength and power because of the enhanced muscles one may already have.

Unfortunately, mesomorphs also have some risk of health problems such as gaining excess fat which might lead to obesity, risks of high cholesterol, blood pressure problems, diabetes, prostate cancer, and bowel cancer. To achieve a lean physique, you should focus on having a healthy diet and a well-rounded training. Celebrities having this body type are Jennifer Garner, George Clooney, Jennifer Aniston, Fergie, and many more.


It is important to know your body type in order to fully incorporate the right nutrition and exercise effective for your lifestyle, and avoid certain diseases. So let’s make it work!

In the next article, we will discuss in more detail about the recommended routines that you need according to your body type.