What are The Causes of Infertility on The Female and Male Side?

Belta Folic acid

When you are serious about getting pregnant, you will want to change many things such as your diet, for one. You’ll think of doing exercises for fertility, taking supplements, and etc. Yes, these are important for fertility and a healthy pregnancy. However, you should know the causes of infertility first because sometimes, medication might be required for treatment.

This article will explain causes of infertility.

1. Causes of infertility

Belta Folic acid
Belta Folic acid

In order to get pregnant, you need healthy eggs and sperm, a fallopian tube to carry the eggs, and a womb for the baby to grow. However, as a woman’s age advances , the egg ages and the malfunction of the fallopian tube and womb increases. The increase in the number of women who want to become pregnant after they are in their 30s due to late marriages is a major factor in the increase of infertility.

In addition to women’s issues on fertility, in modern society, men also feel stress. It is said that about half of the causes of infertility are on men. According to a survey conducted by WHO, 48% of males are the cause of infertility when the statistics of both men and women are combined.

First of all, it’s important to examine the cause of infertility for both men and women.

Let’s see what the causes are.

2. Causes on the female side

Ovulation factor

Usually, women’s body ovulate once a month. When this ovulation occurs once every few months, it’s called rare ovulation, and when there is no ovulation at all, it’s called anovulation. Ovulation occurs only when the hypothalamus of the brain, pituitary gland, and ovary work together.

If there is an abnormality somewhere with these three, ovulation will not occur successfully. If your basal body temperature is not biphasic or your menstruation occurs irregularly, ovulation may not be successful.

Cause

1. Anovulation due to diet and stress

You may have anovulatory menstruation due to decrease of gonadotropin and thyroidfunction because of excessive diet, and the influence on the hypothalamus because of the disturbance of the autonomic nerve due to severe stress.

2. Hyperprolactinemia

Prolactin is one of the hormones secreted from the pituitary gland and is said to be a lactating hormone. It’s known that this hormone may be excessively secreted even when not breastfeeding, and that increased secretion may cause ovulation disorders and infertility.

3. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Symptoms that make ovulation difficult because the atomic follicle doesn’t grow into the main follicle in the ovary.

4. Luteinized unruptured follicle (LUF)

The same process as ovulation takes place,.However, the ovum remains without popping out from the follicle. It’s thought that it happens at a certain frequency even in healthy people, but if it repeats LUF many times, it can cause infertility.

Fallopian tube factors

The fallopian tube plays an important role in delivering the ovulated egg to the uterus while growing the fertilized egg. In many cases, the fallopian tube is clogged or damaged and it leads to infertility. Causes of occlusion of the fallopian tube and obstruction of the passage due to adhesion of the fallopian tube to the surroundings include pelvic infections due to Chlamydia, endometriosis, and chocolate cysts.

Causes

1. Oviduct obstruction / stenosis

Eggs and sperm are fertilized in the fallopian tube. The fallopian tube obstruction is a state where the fallopian tube is blocked or clogged. Fallopian tube stenosis happens when the fallopian tube is narrowed. In these cases, you need to get treatment if you want to get pregnant. It’s said to be caused by Chlamydia infection. However, it has not been scientifically explained why it occurs in the first place.

2. Fallopian tube adhesion, adhesion around the fallopian tube

Inflammation occurs in the fallopian tube due to infections such as chlamydia, and the inside of the fallopian tube or around the fallopian tube is in a state of adhesion. If this symptom occurs, the fertilization rate may decrease, or the possibility of not being implanted even if fertilization increases.

3. Fallopian tube edema

Inflammation occurs in the fallopian tube infected with bacteria, and it spreads into the fallopian tube and at the tip of the fallopian tube, where pus and water accumulate. Fallopian tube edema can cause implantation problems and cause infertility.

Conclusion

No matter how much you want to get pregnant and do many healthy things, if you are experiencing the causes of infertility mentioned above, then you can’t get pregnant. Therefore, it is best to get yourself examined to see if there is a problem.

Next article will explain more causes of infertility on the male side.

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